Francisco de goya pinturas negras

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Francisco de goya pinturas negras

Saturn devouring his sonpainting by francisco goya

The Black Paintings (Spanish: Pinturas negras) is the name given to a group of fourteen paintings by Francisco Goya from the later years of his life, likely between 1819 and 1823. They portray intense, haunting themes, reflective of both his fear of insanity and his bleak outlook on humanity. In 1819, at the age of 72, Goya moved into a two-story house outside Madrid that was called Quinta del Sordo (Deaf Man’s Villa). Although the house had been named after the previous owner, who was deaf, Goya too was nearly deaf at the time as a result of a fever he had suffered when he was 46. The paintings originally were painted as murals on the walls of the house, later being «hacked off» the walls and attached to canvas by owner Baron Frédéric Émile d’Erlanger.[1] They are now in the Museo del Prado in Madrid.
After the Napoleonic Wars and the internal turmoil of the changing Spanish government, Goya developed an embittered attitude toward mankind. He had a first-hand and acute awareness of panic, terror, fear and hysteria. He had survived two near-fatal illnesses, and grew increasingly anxious and impatient in fear of relapse. The combination of these factors is thought to have led to his production of the Black Paintings. Using oil paints and working directly on the walls of his dining and sitting rooms, Goya created works with dark, disturbing themes. The paintings were not commissioned and were not meant to leave his home. It is likely that the artist never intended the works for public exhibition: «these paintings are as close to being hermetically private as any that have ever been produced in the history of Western art.»[2]

quinta del sordo

Finca y casa de la Quinta de Goya en 1828. La gran maqueta o «Modelo de Madrid» de León Gil de Palacio, que conserva el Museo de Historia de Madrid, incluye la casa donde residió Francisco de Goya.[1]​
Pinturas negras (1819-1823) es el nombre que recibe una serie de catorce obras murales de Francisco de Goya, pintadas con la técnica de óleo al secco (sobre paredes recubiertas de yeso). Las creó como decoración de los muros de su casa, llamada la Quinta del Sordo,[2]​ que había adquirido en febrero de 1819. Estos murales fueron trasladados a lienzo a partir de 1874, y actualmente se conservan en el Museo del Prado de Madrid.
Una reciente teoría ha querido atribuir la autoría de las Pinturas negras a Javier de Goya (hijo del pintor); sin embargo Bozal y Glendinning,[9]​ dos de los máximos conocedores de la obra pictórica de Goya, rechazan esta hipótesis. Es difícil imaginar que este hecho extraordinario no fuera conocido por sus contemporáneos. La técnica pictórica, la calidad de la pincelada, los tipos humanos grotescos, los temas obsesivos, que ya están presentes en la obra goyesca anterior y posterior, hacen infundada la atribución a Javier de Goya.

14 black paintings

Se trata de un conjunto de catorce pinturas realizadas por Francisco de Goya aproximadamente entre 1819 y 1823 y que decoraron las paredes de la Quinta del Sordo, su casa de campo. Reciben este nombre por el uso que Goya hizo de pigmentos oscuros y negros así como por el tono y la temática oscura que el pintor plasmó en su trabajo. Goya realizó estas pinturas en óleo directamente sobre las paredes secas de la Quinta del Sordo y se hubiesen perdido para siempre de no ser porque el barón d’Erlanger, un acaudalado francés, decidió rescatarlas antes de que la casa de campo fuese derruida.
Las obras que conforman este grupo de Pintura Negra son Una manola: Leocadia Zorrilla, El Santo Oficio, Asmodea, Las parcas (Atropos), Duelo a garrotazos, Dos viejos, La romería de San Isidro, El aquelarre o El gran cabrón, Dos viejos comiendo, Saturno devorando a sus hijos, Judit y Holofernes, Dos mujeres y un hombre, La lectura y Perro semihundido.
Casi como un precedente del tremendismo, la obra de Goya reflejaba el ánimo del pintor tanto en su estética y gama cromática como en la forma que tenía de representar los temas que trataba. Cada una de las catorce pinturas que componen esta colección parece querer identificarse con valores o sentimientos negativos como la violencia o el paso del tiempo.

saturn devouring his son

An intensely private man, he was deafened by a severe illness in 1793, after which his work became particularly pessimistic. The Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815) and widespread social and political corruption in Spain further embittered his attitude towards life and humankind.
In 1819, he purchased a house coincidentally named ‘Quinta del Sordo’ or ‘Villa of the Deaf’ where, living in isolation, he produced his ‘Pinturas negras’ or ‘Black Paintings’ – originally a set of 14 murals depicting his disillusioned and bleak outlook. Never intended for public viewing, the paintings have been transferred to canvas and are now held at the Prado in Madrid. (Arthur Lubow, “The Secret of the Black Paintings”, NY Times Magazine, 2003).
According to the Netherlands-born art historian Fred Licht, one of these 14 paintings Saturn Devouring his Son is “as essential to our understanding of the human condition in modern times” as Michelangelo’s Sistine ceiling is to our understanding of the sixteenth century (Goya: The Origins of the Modern Temper in Art, 1979).

Francisco de goya pinturas negras 2022